Liste des équipements électroniques

Si vous en savez un peu sur l'électronique, vous savez que les professionnels utilisent de nombreux outils et équipements. Bien que les amateurs connaissent bien la plupart de ces outils, certains outils peuvent ne pas être trouvés dans votre quincaillerie locale.

Que vous soyez un professionnel ou simplement un amateur, vous devez au moins savoir à quoi servent ces outils. La liste des équipements électroniques fournie dans cet article vous aidera à en savoir plus sur l'électronique.

Multimètre

Un multimètre est l'un des outils les plus importants pour un électricien ou un passionné d'électronique. Sans multimètre, vous ne pouvez pas dépanner les circuits. Un circuit peut cesser de fonctionner pour diverses raisons telles que des fils défectueux. Vous économiserez beaucoup de temps si vous utilisez un multimètre pour vérifier les connexions.

Si vous n'avez pas beaucoup d'expérience, nous vous encourageons à vous procurer un multimètre de gamme automatique. Vous n'avez pas à deviner la valeur, ce qui signifie que vous devez faire face à moins de tracas. Il existe différents types de multimètres sur le marché, et vous en trouverez un bon si vous faites un peu de recherche.

Oscilloscope

Si vous voulez mieux comprendre un circuit et le déboguer, vous devrez utiliser un oscilloscope. Alors qu'un multimètre vous montre la tension à un certain moment, un oscilloscope permet de connaître la situation dans son ensemble - les fluctuations de la tension au fil du temps. Une liste d'équipements électroniques est incomplète sans oscilloscope.

Pistolet à colle chaude

La colle chaude est une chose très utile qui peut garder les choses collées ensemble. Il est largement utilisé en électronique. Si vous souhaitez attacher des câbles ensemble ou simplement fixer un circuit à une surface, vous devez utiliser de la colle chaude. En tant que matériau isolant, la colle peut protéger vos circuits. Un pistolet à colle chaude vous permettra d'utiliser facilement de la colle chaude.

Pinces coupantes

Nous devons couper les fils pour le travail automobile et le câblage domestique. Il existe des types spéciaux de coupe-fils conçus pour travailler sur des cartes de circuits imprimés. Pour éviter de couper les fils, ces coupe-fils sont livrés avec des dispositifs de retenue intégrés. En électronique, le type de coupe-fil le plus courant est le type à coupe affleurante.

Imprimante 3D

Si vous comptez créer un laboratoire électronique, il n'est pas indispensable que vous achetiez un laboratoire électronique, mais cela peut être utile. Avec une imprimante 3D, vos projets peuvent passer au niveau supérieur. Il vous aidera à créer des pièces de robot personnalisées, des boîtiers de boîte et plus encore. 

Budgets vary widely, because there are many different types of 3D printers on the market. A 3D printer is an inseparable part of an electronics equipment list.

Pinces

You can complete many tasks with the pliers bought from your local hardware store. But if you need to work with electronics, the pliers may not be ideal. The type of pliers you need will depend on what you are going to do with them.

Linemen?s pliers can help you cut small bolts, screws, and bend gauge wire. Common pliers can be used for holding springs and gripping bolts.

Alimentation de banc

If you need to work on circuits, a voltage supply is a practical tool. It is used to power your circuits, test and experiment them. A simple power supplier can be purchased for less than $100.

This inexpensive tool can be essential if you are going to work on a little complicated project. Do not forget to include a bench power supply in your electronics equipment list.

Ensemble de tournevis

Screwdrivers are essential for electronics enthusiasts. Many components have small crews, so sooner or later a precision screwdrivers will be necessary for your projects. You will be provided with extension bits if you get a set. Screwdrivers are one of the most inexpensive items on this list, but they are necessary for just about every electronic project.

Planche à pain

You need breadboards for prototyping and testing different types of circuits. You will feel the need of breadboards when you start working on different types of projects. Some breadboards come with other accessories.

Most electronics projects require baseboards. So you need these tools if you are a hobbyist or an expert. If you have not yet included them in the list, you will include them sooner or later.

Fer à souder

In electronics, this hand tool is one of the most important tools. Budgets vary wildly, because there are many different types of soldering irons. If you are not looking for the cheapest one, we recommend a temperature controlled soldering iron. A resistive heater heats the tip of this iron while a temperature sensor monitors the level of temperature.

You will need to construction and rework for your electronic projects. That is why soldering tools are so frequently used. However, you will need a soldering station even for simple projects.

Optique

There are some very small electronic components. Some are so small that you can not hold them with small tweezers. In such cases, magnifying lenses can help you see the components.

Do not think that you need optics only if you have issues with your vision. No matter how normal your eyes are, you will need optics to work with some tiny components. You will need optics even if your eyes are perfectly normal.

Compteur LCR

Although multimeters are pretty versatile, they can not be used to measure inductance or capacitance. To measure them you need an LCR meter. There are two types of LCR meters. One is expensive and the other is a lower cost version.

We recommend you use a higher-end meter, because you can not always rely on the accuracy of low-end meters. We must include this device in the list even if we make a short electronics equipment list.

Organisateur de cabinet

Although this is not a tool, you should enclose this useful thing in the list. If you have a cabinet organizer, you can keep all your items organized in it. There are cabinet organizers especially designed for keeping electronic components. When all the components are organized, you do not need to remember where things are.

Générateur de signal 

Waveforms and electronic signals are generated by this tool. These signals can be repetitive or non-repetitive. The signals depend on designs, dimensions, capabilities and parameters. You need this device to repair, design and troubleshoot electronic devices.

You can also set the frequency amplitude to vary the output. Whether you are a hobbyist or professional, you will need a signal generator. An electronics equipment list is incomplete without the inclusion of a signal generator.

Outils ennuyeux

A lot of electronic projects involve drilling and boring. For drilling, you need to use revolving tools. Boring is another process that involves pushing away the material. It does not remove the material.

Drilling involves making holes and it removes the material. Drilling is done with low torque and at high speed. For boring, you need high torque and low speed. Mini drill, portable electric drill and metal flies can be used for these purposes.

Transformateur

A transformer has an iron core linked to two coils of wire. For many projects, you will need to change the voltage and current levels. A transformer is used to change them. Electromagnetic induction works behind the functions of this device. Electromagnetic induction is also known as Faraday?s Law.

Batterie

Batteries are among the most important items in your electronics lab. The theory of electrochemical discharge reactions is the basis of the mechanism of batteries. Most of your projects will require the use of batteries. Batteries are mainly of two types: disposable batteries and rechargeable batteries.

Transistors

Transistors are very useful electronic devices. They are used for controlling the flows of current and voltage. As a result, a transistor can be used as a switch. PNP and NPN are two basic types of transistors.  

They come in different shapes. They have three terminals known as base, emitter and collector. When you need to make an electronics equipment list, you must include transistors in the list.

Relais

Relays are basically switches that use a low power signal to control circuits. A relay is made of an armature, an electromagnet, a spring and a few electrical contacts. In the past, relays were widely used in telegraph circuits. The two circuits are not connected electrically; they have a magnetic connection. 

Many electronic devices, from telephone exchanges to computer, use relays. You can not exclude relays even if you are trying to make your electronics equipment list short.

Moteurs

A motor works by receiving mechanical energy and converting it into electrical energy. The main parts of a motor are bearings, rotor, stator, and enclosure bolt and conduit box. Electric motors are used in many types of devices, including complex computers.

There are many types of motors, such as AC motors, DC motors, magnet synchronous motors, switched reluctance motors and stepper motors. No matter how minimalist your electronic lab is, you will need motors.

Circuits intégrés

Also known as an IC, an integrated circuit is composed of transistors, capacitors and resistors. It can work as an amplifier, microprocessor, timer and oscillator. Depending on the application, an IC can be linear or nonlinear.

ICs are used in many types of devices, including modems, computers, and frequency counters computer networks. Whether you are a professional or a hobbyist, you will need ICs in your lab.

Commutateurs

In a circuit, a switch is used to interrupt current. It systematically supplies current to conductors. The mechanism of a switch is basically ON and OFF. There are four types of switches and they are SPST, SPDT, DPST and DPDT. The type of your project will determine what type of switch you need to choose.

Disjoncteurs 

Many things may happen to an electrical circuit, and it may get damaged. A circuit breaker works automatically and protects electrical circuits. This is basically a switching device that identifies and fault condition and interrupts current flow.

A circuit breaker has a closing coil and a tripping coil. These two types of coils have two opposite functions. When making an electronics equipment list, we must include circuit breakers.