Mejores soldadores 2020 - Guía de compra de los 6 principales

Los soldadores son una herramienta esencial si trabajas con electrónica. Le permiten realizar ajustes precisos en placas de circuito y componentes de soldadura juntos sin dañar la electrónica.

Dado que trabajará con dispositivos electrónicos sensibles, es importante encontrar un soldador que tenga mucha precisión. Desafortunadamente, muchas planchas por ahí sacrifican el rendimiento por la asequibilidad. Tan pronto como los enciendes, fríen tu placa de circuito.

Por eso estamos aquí para ayudar. Aquí, lo guiaremos a través de todo lo que necesita saber antes de elegir un soldador. Luego, revisaremos algunas de las mejores planchas del mercado en diferentes categorías y puntos de precio para que pueda encontrar la que mejor se adapte a sus necesidades.

 

La mejor guía de compra de soldadores

1. Mejor en general: soldador Hakko FX888D

El soldador Hakko FX888D es una de las mejores herramientas disponibles. Tiene la combinación perfecta de rendimiento, facilidad de uso y versatilidad, por lo que es una excelente opción para cualquier persona, desde aficionados al bricolaje hasta profesionales.

El Hakko se calienta rápidamente, por lo que no tendrá que esperar mucho para comenzar. También tiene la mejor recuperación térmica de cualquiera de los hierros revisados aquí, por lo que la punta se mantiene a una temperatura constante mientras trabaja. Esto significa que obtendrá incluso soldadura a lo largo de todos sus componentes, asegurando que el circuito funcione.

El Hakko utiliza puntas de soldadura T18, que tienen una mejor conductividad térmica que la mayoría de las otras puntas existentes. Esto significa que podrá trabajar a una temperatura más baja, lo que reduce el riesgo de dañar los componentes electrónicos sensibles. También reduce la cantidad de humos emitidos a medida que suelda.

Al usar un calor más bajo, las puntas tienen una vida útil más larga, ya que no se desgastarán debido a las altas temperaturas. Esto le ahorra dinero con el tiempo, especialmente si usa su soldador con frecuencia.

La base le permite acoplar rápidamente la plancha cuando no está trabajando. El termómetro digital le brinda mucha versatilidad, permitiéndole ajustar la temperatura para que obtenga el calor exacto para cada trabajo.

La construcción compacta de la plancha significa que no ocupará demasiado espacio en su estación de trabajo. El agarre es cómodo, por lo que la herramienta será excelente en su mano durante largos períodos de uso.

Aunque el Hakko se puede ajustar fácilmente, puede llevar un tiempo acostumbrarse a los dos botones de entrada. Deberá prestar mucha atención al manual de instrucciones para obtener la configuración correcta.

Si está buscando el mejor soldador, es difícil vencer al Hakko. Esta es una herramienta poderosa y confiable que puede ser utilizada por casi cualquier persona. Y es asequible, por lo que no tendrá que gastar mucho para obtenerlo.

Pros

  • Punta de calentamiento rápida y precisa
  • Termómetro digital fácil de ajustar.
  • Excelente recuperación térmica.
  • Agarre cómodo
  • Construcción compacta y duradera.

Contras

  • Puede tomar un tiempo acostumbrarse a los controles

2. Soldador Weller WLC100 de 40 vatios

El soldador Weller WLC100 de 40 vatios es uno de los mejores Nivel Básico planchas fijas que puedes encontrar. Ofrece una excelente combinación de accesibilidad y rendimiento, que le brinda suficiente potencia sin tener que gastar mucho dinero.

Si no necesita tanta energía, puede reducirlo a solo 5 vatios. Esto hace que Weller sea una excelente opción si trabaja con componentes sensibles que pueden dañarse fácilmente con el calor. También puede ajustar rápidamente la temperatura desde la base, con un máximo de 900 grados. Este nivel de poder no se encuentra generalmente en un hierro de nivel de entrada, por lo que es genial verlo aquí.

La punta de cobre chapado en hierro ST3 hace un gran trabajo al conducir el calor y mantener la temperatura constante mientras trabaja. Como conduce bien el calor, no tendrá que usar una temperatura tan alta para proteger los componentes.

Una capa externa de cromo evita que la punta se desgaste con el tiempo, prolongando su vida útil y ahorrándole dinero.

La plancha tiene una empuñadura de goma que evita los calambres durante los períodos de uso prolongado. El cuerpo es bastante ligero, por lo que su mano no se desgastará a la mitad de un proyecto.

La base tiene una estación que le permite acoplar la plancha cuando no está trabajando, y también viene con una esponja que facilita la limpieza de la punta y la mantiene limpia, evitando que se acumule la soldadura vieja.

Todos los ajustes se controlan con el dial en la base. Esto facilita el cambio de la configuración de energía, aunque hay un número limitado de configuraciones para elegir.

Por el precio, es difícil vencer al Weller. Aunque no le dará tanta precisión como el Hakko, lo compensa con su precio y facilidad de uso. Es uno de los mejores soldadores que encontrarás.

Pros

  • Temperatura máxima de hasta 900 grados.
  • Potencia de salida ajustable
  • Cómodo, sin agarre antideslizante
  • Estación de acoplamiento y esponja incluidas
  • Las puntas mantienen el calor y tienen una larga vida útil

Contras

  • Configuraciones limitadas

3. Soldador portátil UY Chan

Si necesita un soldador para llevar consigo, el UY Chan es una de sus mejores opciones. La mayoría de los soldadores portátiles hacen que sacrifiques la potencia, pero el UY Chan todavía tiene suficiente fuerza para realizar la mayoría de los trabajos.

El hierro se calienta en solo unos segundos, alcanzando una temperatura máxima de 712 grados. Esto le proporciona suficiente calor para cables y componentes difíciles. Si está trabajando con dispositivos electrónicos más sensibles, puede reducir el calor a unos 200 grados, evitando daños por calor a los componentes.

La pantalla LED le da una lectura de la temperatura actual, y puede ajustarla fácilmente con solo presionar un botón. Una advertencia de sobrecalentamiento automático le permite saber si la temperatura se está calentando demasiado, y también hay un modo nocturno que apaga la herramienta, lo que reduce el riesgo de quemaduras.

Si necesita hacer más ajustes en la configuración, puede enchufar la plancha a una computadora. Puede crear funciones personalizadas, así como ajustar las curvas de aumento de temperatura.

El principal beneficio de usar el UY Chan es que es portátil y liviano. No tendrá que enchufarlo para usarlo, y puede llevarlo a donde quiera que vaya. Se siente muy bien en tu mano, por lo que no te cansarás durante períodos de uso prolongado.

El único inconveniente principal de UY Chan es que no es compatible con muchos consejos. Aunque las puntas BC2 que vienen con la plancha son geniales, no obtendrá tanta versatilidad como lo haría con algunas de las otras planchas que son compatibles con una mayor gama de puntas.

Si está buscando la mejor plancha portátil, el UY Chan debería estar en la parte superior de su lista. Es una plancha totalmente funcional que puede llevar a cualquier parte. Aunque no le dará tanta potencia como las planchas de estación, igual debería poder manejar la mayoría de los trabajos de soldadura con facilidad.

Pros

  • Ligero y portátil
  • Gran temperatura máxima para una plancha portátil.
  • Funciones fáciles de personalizar
  • Lectura digital de temperatura LED
  • Se calienta rápidamente
  • Construcción duradera

Contras

  • No dará tanto poder como otros hierros
  • No es compatible con muchos consejos.

4. Kit de soldador Vastar

El soldador Vastar no es la herramienta más poderosa o con más funciones revisada aquí. Pero lo que sí destaca es su precio y su versatilidad. Este kit le brinda todos los consejos que necesitará para realizar trabajos comunes, y el hierro en sí mismo, aunque no sobresaliente, es confiable.

El diseño de la tubería de acero hace un buen trabajo al calentar rápidamente la punta, por lo que no perderá tiempo esperando. La plancha tiene una resistencia térmica decente, no se enfría demasiado mientras suelda. Dicho esto, la temperatura no permanece tan constante como otras planchas en esta lista, por lo que debe verificar el calor mientras trabaja para asegurarse de que no haya bajado.

Sin una base, la plancha es ligera y fácil de usar. Simplemente conéctelo a la pared y estará listo para comenzar. Puede hacer ajustes de temperatura en la plancha misma. Aunque no obtendrá tanta precisión como lo haría con un soporte de hierro, el Vastar todavía tiene suficientes ajustes para manejar una variedad de trabajos.

La ventaja principal de Vastar es la amplia gama de tipos de puntas que vienen con el kit. Obtendrá 5 puntas diferentes con la plancha, lo que le permitirá personalizarla fácilmente para el trabajo en cuestión. Dado el precio asequible, los consejos que obtienes con la plancha hacen de este uno de los mejores valores que existen.

El Vastar no está exento de fallas. Aunque es confiable, no es tan duradero como las herramientas más caras. Tampoco tiene tanta potencia, por lo que no podrá realizar trabajos de soldadura que requieran altas temperaturas.

Sin embargo, estos inconvenientes son solo un poco cuando considera lo poco que pagará por el kit. Es una de las mejores opciones si necesita un kit de soldador con todas las funciones y asequible.

Pros

  • Viene con 5 consejos diferentes.
  • Dial de temperatura fácil de ajustar
  • Construcción compacta y ligera.
  • Uno de los mejores valores que encontrarás para una plancha
  • Calentamiento rápido y buena resistencia térmica.

Contras

  • No muy duradero
  • No tan poderoso como otros hierros

5. Master Soldador Ultratorch UT-100SiK Butano Powered Soldador

Si está buscando una plancha de gas potente, el Master Appliance es una de sus mejores opciones. Puede alcanzar temperaturas que no podrá obtener con planchas enchufables, por lo que es excelente para trabajos especializados.

Dado que el soldador Master Appliance requiere butano, no es tan conveniente como la mayoría de los otros hierros revisados aquí. Si ya tiene tanques de butano alrededor de su taller, esto no será un problema. Pero si está buscando un enchufe y usa hierro, este no es el caso.

Pero el beneficio de usar butano es el poder que obtendrás. Este hierro puede alcanzar temperaturas de más de 2500 grados, lo que lo hace mucho más poderoso que la mayoría de los otros hierros en esta lista. Si necesita una plancha con un golpe fuerte, el dispositivo maestro es una excelente opción.

Aunque la plancha está diseñada para dar un golpe potente, también se puede controlar para que no dañe los componentes electrónicos sensibles. El poder vuelve a marcar a un mínimo de 20 vatios, evitando que la punta fríe los componentes.

The solder tips have an extra coating of copper and iron, helping them withstand high temperatures and not wear down over time. The tips have great conductivity and thermal resistance, so the temperature stays constant as you work.  The downside is that the tips are fairly expensive to replace.

The Master Appliance isn?t the best option if you?re looking for a basic soldering iron for occasional DIY jobs. But if you need a reliable iron that can handle specialty wire connections and high temperature electronics, it?s an excellent tool.

Pros

  • Reaches temperatures of over 2500 degrees
  • Excellent heat conductivity and thermal resistance
  • Long lasting tips
  • Classic look and feel

Contras

  • A bit heavy
  • Requires butane tank
  • Takes a while to heat up

6. X-Tronic Model 3020-XTS Digital Display Soldering Iron Station

If you?re looking for a highly customizable, reliable soldering iron, the X-Tronic is a great place to start looking. It can do a little bit of everything, making it well suited to DIYers and pros.

With a maximum temperature of over 900 degrees, the X-Tronic has more than enough heat to handle most soldering jobs. The base allows you to make minute adjustments to temperature so that you can lower the risk of damaging electronics as you work. The LED screen clearly displays the current settings.

The tips on the iron do a good job of conducting heat, although they aren?t quite as high quality as those found on some of the other irons reviewed here. The thermal resistance is excellent, keeping the temperature of the tip right at the set point.

The side mount makes it easy to hold the iron in place when you?re not using it, lowering the risk of burns and fires. Build in auto shut off also lowers the risk of fires.

The X-Tronic?s design doesn?t stand out from other irons, which isn?t necessarily a bad thing. It?s a comfortable, easy to hold tool that won?t fatigue your hands with prolonged use. It?s not the most durable tool out there, but it should hold up well if cleaned properly.

With a great blend of performance, ease of use, and affordability, the X-Tronis is an excellent option no matter what you?re buying an iron for. It can be easily used by beginners, while still having enough power to satisfy pros.

Pros

  • Max temp of over 900 degrees
  • Easy to use temp controls with LED screen
  • Great thermal resistance
  • Feels great when used for long periods
  • Durable tips that hold up to use over time

Contras

  • Heat conductivity not quite as good as other irons

Lo que debe buscar en un soldador

There are a number of different features and specs that you should look out for when choosing a soldering iron. Here are some key factors that you should consider:

  • Wattage

Not all soldering irons will come with the same wattage. In general, you?ll want one that?s at least 30 watts. This gives you enough power to quickly heat up the iron and keep the temperature steady as you use it. The soldering irons reviewed here are mostly above 40 watts, so you should have few issues with power.

You can also find a number of irons that will let you adjust the wattage as needed. These irons are great if you plan on working with a wide range of different electronics. For example, you can turn the power up to full when working with wires, and then dial it back when making adjustments to circuit boards.

  • Temperature Settings

Not every job will require the same iron temperature. Look for a soldering iron that comes with a number of different temperature so that you can tweak the heat as needed.

If the soldering iron comes with a base, the temperature will likely be controlled from here. Check to see if the controls are analog or digital. Also see how sensitive the temperature controls are, as some irons will only have a few settings.

Compare the temperature range of different irons before you pick a tool. Maximum temperature isn?t everything, but you should choose an iron that can reach at least 800 degrees if you?ll be working with tough wires and components.

If you?ll be working with sensitive electronics, choose an iron that allows you to dial back on the temperature so that none of the components get heat damage.

  • Stand

Most irons will come with some form of stand that allows you to keep the iron steady as you work. Make sure that the stand is the right size, and also check the reviews to make sure that it?s reliable.

  • Compatibility of Tips

Most irons will work with a variety of different tips, allowing you to adjust as needed between jobs. However, not all irons will be compatible with all tips, so check out the compatibility specs before you buy.

Some irons may require you to use the brand name tips made by the company. These are often more expensive, and you won?t have as much flexibility when choosing tips. Check to see if any other third party tips are comparable to those made by the company.

  • Planned Use

The soldering iron that will be right for you will depend on how you plan to use it. Are you looking for a tool to handle repair jobs every now and again? Or do you need an iron that?s designed to let you construct your own circuits? The type of use will dictate the price you should pay for the iron, as well as the added features you?ll need.

For example, if you have a dedicated workbench and need a soldering iron that can handle daily use, then a stationary stand iron is your best bet. However, if you?re only looking to solder every now and again, you?ll likely do just fine with a cheaper, more portable option.

  • Added Features

Like any tool, soldering irons come with a variety of added features, not all of which are needed. Consider how you plan on using your iron and then look at the features on different tools. Don?t need precision temperature control? Then save money and choose a more basic iron.

Also be on the lookout for irons that come with advanced settings. Some irons will let you customize settings from a computer, controlling the temperature rise curves and also letting you program custom functions. Although these features may be useful for some people, they add to the cost, so you may want to skip out on them if you don?t plan on using them.

Consejos incluidos con el hierro

Not all irons will come with a range of tips. Check the description before buying to see what you?ll get with the package, as you may need to buy some more tips separately.

You can find a number of irons that come with more than four tips, giving you all of the different types that you?ll need for most jobs. If you?re only planning on using the basic tip types, then save money and buy an iron that doesn?t come with any extra tips thrown in.

You should also check the specs to see what type of tips are compatible with the iron. Some will require you to only use the tips produced by the same company, which limits your options and can drive up expenses. If you want a bit more flexibility, choose an iron that is compatible with a wide range of tips.

Fuente de alimentación

Most soldering irons are corded, either plugging into a base or directly into a wall. Since most electronics work occurs at a workstation, this usually isn?t much of an issue.

However, some people will require a soldering iron that they can run on the go. If that?s the case, look for a portable iron that won?t require a wall plug. Most soldering irons need a decent amount of power, so you?ll likely still have to plug portable irons into a battery to run them.

You can also find a number of soldering irons that run on gas, although these tend to be a bit bulkier, and you have to keep gas tanks around. The main benefit of a gas powered iron is that you can reach temperatures far hotter than what you?ll get with plug in tools. This makes gas powered irons one of the best options if you work with specialized wiring.

Marca

The brand isn?t everything when it comes to tools, and you can find many great irons made by lesser known companies. That said, you shouldn?t ignore the brand entirely when choosing a soldering iron.

Soldering irons are delicate tools, and they require a high degree of precision. If one thing goes wrong, your electronics are ruined, and your house might also be on fire.

Although a brand name isn?t a guarantee that you?ll get a good tool, it won?t hurt your chances. You may spend a bit more money, but you can spend that money with greater peace of mind.

If you do choose to go with a lesser known brand, make sure you do plenty of research. If you find that they have good reviews from people who seem knowledgeable, then you might be in safe hands. But if you can?t find much information on the company, this should be a red flag.

Diferentes tipos de soldadores

There are a few main types of soldering irons, each built for specific uses. The right one for you will depend on the jobs you plan on doing.

  • Pencil Soldering Irons

These basic irons plug into the wall and heat up quickly. They are built for ease of use, but this comes at the expense of flexibility. Not all pencil irons have temperature controls, and you?ll have to be near a wall plug to use them.

The main benefit of pencil soldering irons is the ease of use and high level of control. They?re light in hand, so you won?t wear yourself throughout a long day of work. And the sleek design makes it easy to work with delicate circuits.

In general, pencil soldering irons should be the first choice for most users. They?re the most versatile type, and they have enough power that they should be able to handle most day to day soldering tasks.

  • Cordless Soldering Irons

Cordless soldering irons are a great option if you need a tool that?s easy to carry around with you. What they lack in power and accuracy they make up for with portability.

If you need a go to iron for your shop, a cordless one probably isn?t your best best. But if you need something small and versatile, cordless irons are a great way to go.

Before buying a cordless soldering iron, check to see how it?s powered. Many will require you to plug the iron into a battery pack on the go, whereas others require a gas line.

  • Estaciones de soldadura

Soldering stations are the best option if you need a high performance, adjustable iron. You can control the temperature with a dial on the base of the station, giving you flexibility for different types of jobs. The iron itself is kept in the base, which is used to heat the tool and keep it stationary when you?re not using it.

In most cases, soldering stations tend to be more powerful than standalone pencils, reaching a higher maximum temperature. They also often have more settings to control temperature and power, although this varies widely by iron.

  • Pistolas de soldadura

Although not quite as common as other types of soldering irons, these are a great option for DIYers who need a simple, easy to use tool. Soldering guns cool quickly, so there is a smaller risk of fires if you are careless. They also only activate when you pull the trigger, so they are easy to control.

Soldering guns do come with a few notable downsides. They aren?t quite as precise as most soldering pens, and they are also heavier, so your arm may start to get fatigued if you use the iron for long periods.

If you?re working with large wires or components that don?t require that much precision, than a soldering gun should work just fine. But if you?re soldering circuit boards, you should opt for an iron that will give you more control.

  • Soldering Torches

Soldering torches are not commonly used for electronics, as the high temperatures can easily damage sensitive components. They operate using propane, firing in short bursts of intense heat. They are mainly used by jewelers, although some specialty electronic shops will also keep one on hand.

Limpieza y Estañado Un Soldador

Soldering irons work best when they?re kept clean. If they are not regularly wiped off, solder will start to build up on the tip of the iron, preventing heat from transferring as you work.

When old solder blocks heat transfer, it takes longer for you to iron, and there?s also a risk that the tip overheats. The old solder can also start to burn, damaging circuits and putting off a nasty odor.

To clean a solder, make sure that you have a wet sponge with you at all times. As you work, wipe the tip of the iron on the sponge to get off any solder that?s building up on the tool. Once you?re done working, clean off the tip so that it appears shiny.

You should also make sure to regularly tin the iron. To do this, take the heated tip of the iron and put in on fresh solder, giving it a thin, shiny coating. Right after you?ve finished tinning, start soldering.

Your iron should be tinned after every few joints to keep old solder from building up and blocking heat transfer. Once you?re done with the job, tin the solder before putting it away, as this will help extend the lifespan of the tool.

Seguridad del soldador

Soldering irons are fairly safe, if they are used responsibly. Although not nearly as dangerous as welders, they do reach temperatures of over 800 degrees, so there is also a risk of burns if you are not careful.

Also use safety goggles while soldering to prevent any solder or sparks from getting into your eyes. You should also make sure to only solder in ventilated areas, as fumes can build up quickly as you work.

To avoid burns and fires, use a stand to hold the soldering iron when you?re not working. You should also wash your hands once you?re done, as the solder can be dangerous, especially if it?s made of lead.

Also consider the type of components that you will be working with, and try to find out what their flaming point is. If you are soldering highly flammable components, you?ll need to lower the temperature of the iron accordingly.

Preguntas frecuentes

1. ¿Con qué frecuencia debe limpiar un soldador?

To keep your iron working properly, it?s best to clean it constantly as you use the tool. Old solder builds up quickly, preventing heat from transferring as you work. To avoid this, take a wet sponge and wipe the tip off between joints.

2. ¿Qué precauciones de seguridad debes tomar al soldar?

Although soldering is much safer than welding, there?s still a risk of sparks flying up and getting into your eyes. And the tip of the solder can reach temperatures exceeding 800 degrees, so there?s always the risk of severe burns if you?re not careful.

Wear safety glasses whenever you use a soldering iron, and also make sure that you have a stand to hold the tool. You should only solder in a well ventilated area, as dangerous fumes can build up quickly. We recommend that you use a fume extractor, which helps filter the air.

You should also make sure to wash your hands thoroughly after you?re done working. This is even more important if you were working with lead solder.

3. ¿Qué tipo de punta de soldadura debe usar?

There are a variety of different soldering tips to choose from, with the right tip varying depending on the specific components you?ll be working with.

In generl, use a conical tip if you need more precision. They distribute heat over a small area, making them well suited to precision electronics, such as circuit boards.

If you?re working with larger wires and want to distribute heat over a broader area, a chisel tip is your best bet. These tips are flat and broad, making them excellent for soldering wires and larger electronic pieces.

4. ¿Qué haces si la punta no se calienta?

If the tip of the iron isn?t heating up, it?s likely that you haven?t been cleaning it properly. Old solder will build up quickly on the tip, preventing heat from transferring as you work.

Wipe off the tip of the iron as you solder to keep it shiny. If you notice that it?s still not heating up properly, you may have a problem with the power supply or with the wiring. In some cases, you may also need to get the tip replaced.

5. ¿Se pueden modificar las puntas de los soldadores?

We don?t recommend it. Some people will tweak tips themselves so that it is the right size and matches their components. However, making changes to the tip could affect its heat conducting, and also increases the risk of a fire.

If you need a different kind of tip, your best option is to go out and find another one that matches your needs.

6. ¿Qué tipo de chip es más eficiente para transferir calor?

That depends on the type of job. In most cases, a chisel tip will do the best job of conducting heat, as it?s flat surface allows heat to flow easily.

However, a chisel tip won?t be efficient in every situation. For example, tight corners may require a tip that?s more precise. If you use a chisel tip, you?ll just be wasting heat, and you may possibly damage components.

7. ¿Puedes usar puntas de otra marca con tu soldador?

It depends. Tip compatibility varies widely depending on the iron. Some are designed for use with various types of tips, so you can easily use those made by other companies. Others are a bit more stringent, and require that you only use tips made by the company.

We don?t recommend trying to use tips from other companies if it goes against the manufacturer?s recommendation. Although you may get the tip to work, you run the risk of damaging the iron, and you also increase the risk of a malfunction, which can harm your electronics and cause a fire.

Conclusión

A soldering iron is an essential tool for any workbench. With precise heat control and a sensitive tip, they allow you to work with delicate electronics and circuit boards.

But finding the right soldador can be a bit of a headache. There are quite a few tools on the market, and many of them won?t be suited to the jobs that you need to do. You?ll either end up spending too much money on a fancy iron, or getting one that can?t even handle the most basic job.

That?s why we?re here. Use the reviews and buying guide here to find the iron that is best suited to your needs. Remember, the most expensive iron won?t be right for everyone, so focus on the core functions that you need from your iron. Once you have a specific type of iron in mind, check out our reviews of some of the best soldering irons out there.