La mejor soldadura para usar en electrónica

Si eres alguien que está interesado en aprender a soldar productos electrónicos, hay algunas cosas clave que pueden ser útiles para aprender primero. La tarea más obvia debería ser aprender más sobre componentes electrónicos y de chips para comprender cómo funcionan mejor en sus diseños. Además, es útil aprender sobre la electricidad en general y, por ejemplo, cómo funcionan las resistencias en paralelo versus en serie. Otra cosa buena para comenzar es investigar diferentes herramientas que pueden ser útiles en su proceso. Ya sea un soldador o un banco de trabajo, encontrar las herramientas adecuadas puede facilitar su proceso de soldadura. Fuera de las opciones de herramientas, es importante usar los materiales correctos ya que no todos los metales de soldadura son iguales. Algunas soldaduras son mejores para la electrónica que otras. Por ejemplo, hay soldadura que se puede usar en tuberías que contiene ácido. Obviamente, esa no es una buena opción para usar en soldadura electrónica.

 

Tipos y formas de soldadura

  • Formas

La soldadura viene en una variedad de formas, como barras, pasta, gránulos y alambre. Para la soldadura electrónica, el cable suele ser el mejor para usar. El cable es más fácil de aplicar y trabajar cuando se pegan componentes más pequeños a una placa base. También viene en una variedad de diámetros o medidores. Para elegir el tamaño correcto, depende principalmente de qué componentes está buscando soldar y fijar.

  • Tipos

Hay dos tipos principales de alambre de soldadura: sin plomo y a base de plomo. No hay mucha diferencia entre los dos, uno se derrite a una temperatura más baja que el otro. La soldadura a base de plomo generalmente se compone de una mezcla de metal como estaño y plomo y se derrite a unos 370 grados Fahrenheit. Sin embargo, la mayoría de las empresas se han alejado del plomo debido a los efectos que el plomo tiene en nuestra salud. Esto no significa que no pueda usar este material, pero obviamente deberá tomar las precauciones adecuadas. Ingrese soldadura sin plomo. Este tipo de soldadura tiene un punto de fusión más alto y puede ser un poco difícil de trabajar debido a eso. Sin embargo, es más seguro de usar y es igual de bueno en muchos aspectos para proyectos electrónicos más pequeños.

Otro hecho interesante sobre los cables de soldadura es que contiene un núcleo de flujo en el centro. Los dos tipos de material central son ácido y colofonia. Como se mencionó anteriormente, la versión ácida se adapta mejor a las tareas de fontanería. Rosin es el tipo de núcleo que los usuarios desean obtener al soldar componentes electrónicos. Ahora analicemos algunas de las mejores soldaduras para trabajos electrónicos.

 

La mejor soldadura para electrónica

Terminal estadounidense Alpha Fry AT-31604 Soldadura de núcleo de resina 60-40

La soldadura Alpha Fry con núcleo de colofonia viene en un rollo de cuatro onzas. Es una mezcla de sesenta por ciento de estaño y cuarenta por ciento de plomo. Esta soldadura a base de plomo en particular tiene un punto de fusión de 376 grados Fahrenheit. También tiene un diámetro de 0.062 pulgadas. Alpha Fry se hace en México.

  • Pros

Este producto es un best seller para proyectos de soldadura electrónica. La razón principal por la que esto es tan popular es porque es de buena calidad y fácil de usar porque es una soldadura a base de plomo. Estos tipos de soldadura tienden a tener un punto de fusión más bajo, lo que los hace más fáciles de usar con la mayoría de los soldadores.

  • Contras

Una de las mayores desventajas de este producto es que es una soldadura a base de plomo. Usar cualquier producto de plomo puede ser peligroso para su salud. Se deben tomar las precauciones adecuadas al usar este producto. Este producto tuvo algunos aspectos negativos, pero no se compararon con las altas calificaciones que le dieron otros compradores. Dos de las quejas más comunes están relacionadas con la imposibilidad de devolver el producto una vez comprado y que este producto tenía problemas con los proyectos de soldadura fina. La soldadura electrónica es un trabajo muy bueno, por lo que este producto funcionó en contra de ese proceso.

 

Alambre de soldadura WYCTIN para soldadura eléctrica

This product is another lead-based solder with sixty percent tin and forty percent lead. It also has a rosin core and comes in 0.0236 inch diameter. The WYCTIN solder has a low melting point of 361 degrees Fahrenheit.

  • Pros

This wire is ideal for fine soldering programs such as circuit board work. The rosin core helps to oxidize the metal faster once applied to heat so it cools faster. This allows tacking to happen at a much faster rate and prevents movement of the component. The tin/lead mixture also facilitates a smooth finish when applied correctly. The lower melting point also helps to put the product on with ease.

  • Contras

Such as with the Alpha Fry product, this wire is harmful to your health since it is lead-based. Make sure to handle the product carefully and with proper safety gear. This is another top selling brand as with the Alpha Fry. It had few complaints as well, but the ones that were notable included that the product did not seem to consistently melt at the right temperature and the consistency was more paste-like than liquid.  Additional complaints included that the wire was too thin to accomplish the job and that the wrong product was sent.

 

Mudder Solder Wire para soldadura eléctrica

The Mudder brand solder comes in several different diameters including 0.023 inch, 0.031 inch, 0.039 inch, and 0.059 inch. It has a melting point of between 419 and 428 degrees Fahrenheit because it is a lead-free wire solder. This solder is composed of mostly tin with additives of copper and silver. It also has a rosin core.

  • Pros

This product is very easy to use and has an even melting point so it goes on smoothly. The fact that it is lead-free is probably one of the major bonuses since no extra safety precautions need to be taken. The Mudder solder wire can be used for a variety of projects including circuit boards and other electrical repairs.

  • Contras

While this product is another popular brand, it does have a few consumer complaints against it. Several complaints stated this wire was not composed of the metals it claimed. In addition, a few other complaints talked to the consistency of the product once melted such as not appearing shiny or smoking when heated.

 

Kester Solder 32117 Alambre de soldadura

The Kester solder wire is composed of sixty percent tin and forty percent of lead. It comes in a diameter of 0.031 inches and is 44 inches long. In addition, the wire comes in a one pack, two pack, and a full solder kit variety. The Kester solder wire also has a rosin core.

  • Pros

This is an extremely popular product and has no negative reviews. Customers found it easy to apply since it is a lead-based solder and also because it does have a variety of sizes besides the 0.031 inch diameter. This particular diameter works well for small solder jobs. In addition, buyers approved of the great price point for the quality of product provided.

  • Contras

The only con of this product is that it is a lead-based product and therefore additional safety precautions need to be taken when handling this wire.

 

Paquete de bolsillo de soldadura Kester 82-4000-0000

Another popular Kesler solder wire is the 83-4000-0000. It comes in a 0.031 inch diameter and is composed of sixty percent lead and forty percent lead. This wire also has a rosin core for a solid oxidation.

  • Pros

This is unique product since it is pocket size and portable. It also had good reviews overall and worked as nicely as the Kesler 32117 solder wire. It went on smoothly and melted cleanly without clumping. This is due to the rosin core and the fact that it facilitates oxidation for a quick hardening.

  • Contras

This is another lead-based wire so additional precautions must be taken to avoid skin contact as much as possible. Notable complaints for this product included the inability to return and that it does not actually do a good job of tacking down electronic components.

 

MAIYUM Alambre de soldadura para soldadura eléctrica

The MAIYUM is a lead-based wire that contains sixty-three percent tin and thirty-seven percent lead. It has a rosin core as with other models and comes in a 0.031 inch diameter. This product has a low melting point at 361 degrees Fahrenheit.

  • Pros

The MAIYUM has a smooth application since it is lead-based and heats well for circuit board soldering and other electronic products. This is another top seller that has no negative comments.

  • Contras

The only downside to this product relates to the lead-based consistency since it requires extra safety measures to be taken to protect the user against lead contamination.

 

Pasta de soldadura ChipQuik

The ChipQuik is a slight deviation from the wire products we have discussed up to this point. It is a solder paste that is applied using a syringe along with the soldering gun. It has a low melting point and is lead-free.

  • Pros

This is a lead-free product so extra measures do not have to be taken to protect the user. Users stated this product worked well for larger electronic components and for surface mounts. In addition, it was very easy to work with and clean up.

  • Contras

This product requires refrigeration in order to last longer. It will last 6 months outside of the refrigerator and twelve months in. If you choose not to refrigerate, then it can separate. Consumers complained with this product that it did not work well for pin solders.

 

Alambre de soldadura TAMINGTON

The TAMINGTON product has sixty-three percent tin and thirty-seven percent lead. It comes with a rosin core and is 0.031 inches wide. It has a melting point of 361 degrees Fahrenheit. This solder wire can be used for a wide range of projects as well.

  • Pros

The rosin core allows a smooth and even flow as it melts. It also has great conductivity for electronic solders. The lead-based aspects of this product allows for a solid finish and it is ideal for small electronic jobs. This is another heavily popular product that has very minor complaints.

  • Contras

As with the other lead-based products, this requires extra precautions so take care to handle properly. There were not any notable descriptive complaints for this product and as mentioned above it is a popular product.

 

Sywon Solder Wire para soldadura eléctrica

The Sywon solder wire comes in a 0.039 inch diameter. It is also lead-based and composed of sixty percent tin and forty percent lead. It has a lower melting point of 376 degrees Fahrenheit. It also has a rosin core. The Sywon solder wire is ideal for small electronic soldering projects.

  • Pros

As with most lead-based solder, it has a low melting point, which makes it ideal to work with. It goes on smoothly and liquefies rather than clumps when heat is applied. This particular product is solely owned by Sywon and totes a solid product that does not have a knock-off cheaper metal composite.

  • Contras

Again, this is a lead-based wire. Please take care when using as prolonged exposure can cause health issues. This had a few minor complaints mostly related to the fact that it claims to be lead-based and also lead-free. Buyers also noticed issues with the application of this product.

 

We have provided some valuable information about what types of solder is available on the market today. This article spoke mostly to wire solder since it tends to work best for electronic projects, but we did talk about one paste version. The paste version works well for some electronic products, but not smaller, fine-detailed projects. Pay attention to the composite of each of the products as some contain more tin than lead and can be harder to melt. In addition, it is good to note whether or not the wire is lead-based or lead-free. Lead-based wire tends to have a lower melting point and is fairly easy to use and apply smoothly, but lead-free is safer. Almost all of these products had extremely high ratings and seemed to be popular with professionals and novices alike.